STATUS AND CONSERVATION OF THE ALPINE LYNX POUPLATION
Viable populations of large carnivores require large, connected living spaces. Habitat loss and fragmentation and the decline in prey populations have led, in combination with direct persecution by humans, to the eradication of lynx in western Europe in the 19th century. Today, the lynx is protected by law.
One of the largest natural regions left in Europe are the Alps – 200 000 km² of forests, meadows and alpine peaks. However, the Alps are also politically and culturally heavily fragmented. Therefore, it is imperative that we have cross-boundary concepts for the management of lynx. The SCALP project organises this transboundary cooperation regarding the conservation and the management of lynx in the Alps. Today, the status of the lynx is monitored by SCALP experts from all Alpine countries. The goal of SCALP is (1) to develop monitoring standards allowing for the comparison of collected data from different countries; (2) to publish status reports regularly; (3) to develop conservation and management concepts; and (4) to compile expertise on the lynx in the Alps. Additionally, knowledge gaps should be eliminated to make discussions about lynx, hunting and conservation more objective. For the future of the lynx, it is important to find agreements on management measures with the local communities, and to get the Alpine countries to commit to common goals. The Alps are an extraordinary heterogenetic region with several languages and different local administration systems. This will not make it easy to implement an Alpine wide Management plan for the conservation of the lynx. In the process of the SCALP project, the SCALP criteria were developed to distinguish between certain and uncertain records.
Since 2013, further areas have been incorporated into the project. Experts from the Alps, Dinaric mountains, Vosges, Jura mountains, Palatinate forest, Black forest, Swabian Jura and surrounding areas use the same criteria and present their distribution data in the same map, allowing for a direct comparison.
Lynx distribution in the Alps in 2019 according to the SCALP criteria
|Coordination||Anja Molinari, KORA, Oltreacqua 2/A, I-33018 Tarvisio
Tijana Trbojević, Independent University of Banja Luka and Ecology Research Association (EID)
Igor Trbojević, University of Banja Luka and Ecology Research Association (EID)
Manfred Wölfl, Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt, Referat 56, Hans-Högn-Strasse 12, D-95030 Hof/Saale
Sybille Wöflf, Lynx Bavaria e. V., Kirchallee 6, D-93449 Waldmünchen
|France||Nolwenn Drouet-Hoguet, ONCFS, 5 Allee de Bethleem, Z.I. Mayencin, F-38610 Gieres
Paolo Molinari, Italian Lynx Project, Via Roma 41, I-33018 Tarvisio
Francesca Marucco, Centro Conservazione e Gestione Grandi Carnivori – Regione Piemonte, c/o Parco Alpi Marittime, Piazza Regina Elena 30, I-12010 Valdieri
|Croatia||Magda Sindičič, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. University of Zagreb. Heinzelova 55, Zagreb
|Liechtenstein||Oliver Nägele Amt für Wald, Natur und Landschaft, Dr. Grass Strasse 12, FL-9490 Vaduz
Christian Fuxjäger, Nationalpark OÖ. Kalkalpen, Nationalpark Allee 1, A-4591 Molln,
Georg Rauer, Research Institution of Wildlife Management, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Savoyenstrasse 1, A-1160 Wien
Christine Breitenmoser-Würsten, KORA, Talgut-Zentrum 5, CH-3063 Ittigen
Urs Breitenmoser, KORA, Talgut-Zentrum 5, CH-3063 Ittigen
Ivan Kos, University of Ljublijana, 1001 Ljublijana
Rok Černe, Zavod za Gozdove Slovenije, 5220 Tolmin
Miha Krofel, Dep. of Biology and Dep. of forestry and renewable forest resources, University of Ljublijana, 1000 Ljubljana
Group picture of the SCALP experts
Sponsors: The SCALP project is currently financially supported by the FOEN.
Contact KORA: Anja Molinari-Jobin