To give an exact population estimate at a specific point in time is impossible. The camera trap monitoring cannot be performed in all management compartments at the same time. The abundance estimate presented here is an extrapolation of the latest camera trap session per reference area to the whole compartment based on chance observations (see also method section).
According to the last population estimate in the year 2019, 254 (+/- 12) independent (subadult and adult) lynx lived in Switzerland, of which 75 (+/- 9) in the Jura and 179 (+/- 8) in the Alps. Additionally – depending on the season – there are around 15-30 percent of that number in the population as young animals from the current year which are still together with their mother at the time of the monitoring. Juveniles are not counted for population estimates as they suffer very high mortality rates (only one in four reaches adulthood).
An assessment of the Eurasian lynx in Europe was performed for the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2018. The total population was estimated at 8,000–9,000 individuals (excl. Russia and Belarus) and 17,000–18,000 individuals (incl. European part of Russia), respectively. The distribution of the total number of individuals into the different subpopulations in presented in the table below. The population in the Balkans is a separate subspecies and Critically Endangered.
|Scandinavian||NOR, SWE||A||ca. 1,300-1,800||Decrease|
|Baltic||EST, LTU, LVA, POL, UKR||A||ca. 1,200-1,500||Slight decrease|
|Carpathian||ROU, SVK, POL, UKR, CZE, HUN, SRB, BGR||A||ca. 2,100-2,400||Stable|
|Bohemian-Bavarian-Austrian||CZE, DEU, AUT||R||60-80||Stable|
|Alpine||CHE, SVN, ITA, AUT, FRA||R||140-170||Slowly increasing|
|Jura||FRA, CHE||R||ca. 140||Slowly increasing|
|Dinaric||SVN, HRV, BIH||R||ca. 140||Stable or decrease|
|Balkan||MKD, ALB, KOS||A||20-39||Stable|
1A = autochthonous, R = Reintroduction, 2Based on data from 2016, 3Status before beginning of reintroduction project in 2016